The reliability of clinical respiratory signs elicited in newborn infants is not good. Therefore, radiographs are an essential diagnostic tool in neonatal medicine and should be considered for infants with respiratory distress, regardless of what auscultation does or does not reveal.

They are also essential following:

and should be considered in infants whose oxygen requirement increases by ≥10% for no apparent reason.

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Air leak syndromes in the neonate
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Parenchymal lung disease
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Structural lung disease in the neonate
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