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Microcephaly is an important neurologic sign that is estimated to affect about 3 per 10,000 births. Microcephaly may indicate a significant underlying congenital, genetic, or metabolic condition; or acquired disease such as congenital infections. Many of these conditions have long-term medical and neuro-developmental sequelae for the affected child, with a significant burden of care. Early investigation is essential for timely diagnosis, treatment and the development of a long-term management plan. See the full microcephaly diagnostic guideline below.
Below are algorithms for the evaluation of congenital (primary) microcephaly and acquired (secondary) microcephaly - click on the relevant headings to view the pdf algorithm.
The full microcephaly diagnostic guideline can be accessed by clicking on the image below:
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